League of Icerian Nations
|This article or category contains articles or works that are currently in progress.|
They may be missing a lot of information and may be short.
If you can help, please contribute to its development.
|League of Icerian Nations|
|Head of organs|
|- General Assembly||??|
|- Security Council||??|
|- International Court of Justice||??|
The League of Nations is an international organization whose main objective is to maintain peace in the world.
This organization is composed of three organs: the League of Nations General Assembly, Security Council of the League of Nations, the International Court of Justice.
League of Nations General Assembly
It has an advisory role on issues related to peacekeeping and international security.
A State (member or not) may refer to the General Assembly on matters relating to the maintenance of peace or international security. Its conclusions have only one value of recommendation, finally it is the Security Council which will decide.
It has decision-making power over the budget, the distribution of contributions between Member States and the entry of new members into the Organization.
It is composed of two representatives per Member State. Each State has one voice, so as to put all Member States on an equal footing.
Each year, the General Assembly elects the President. The role of the President is to preside over the debates, to transmit the information to the Security Council, to convene ordinary sessions once a month for a period of five days.
The sessions are closed.
If a question can not wait for the start of a regular session, the Assembly may meet in extraordinary session if a simple majority of Member States, or the Security Council so desires.
On matters relating to peace, international security, admission of new members and budgets, decisions are taken by a two-thirds majority. All other decisions are made by simple majority.
A report is prepared and published at the end of each session by the President.
Security Council of the League of Nations
The Security Council of the League of Nations is the executive body. It is defined as having "the primary responsibility for the maintenance of peace and international security".
Certain decisions, called resolutions, of the Security Council are binding and the Members of the Organization agree to accept and implement the decisions of the Security Council. Its members must be present at all times, because the Council can be met at any time, especially in case of exceptional crisis.
The Security Council is composed of five members: two permanent (Alexandria and ??) with a veto. Non-permanent members have a two-year term; each year they are renewed by half by a two-thirds majority vote of the General Assembly; outgoing members may be immediately re-eligible.
The presidency of the Security Council is ensured for one month by each member according to the rotating presidency principle, according to the alphabetical order of the country name. If a non-Council Member State is involved in a matter under discussion, it may attend these meetings and intervene, but it shall not vote. If a Member State on the Council is involved in a matter under discussion, it abstains from voting. The President of the General Assembly is present at the meetings but does not have the right to vote.
Any decision of the Security Council must be promulgated by a text voted according to a precise quorum; these voted texts are called resolutions. Each member of the Security Council has one vote. Security Council resolutions are binding decisions.
International Court of Justice
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ. Its main functions are to settle legal disputes submitted by States and to advise on legal issues presented by international bodies and agencies approved by the General Assembly. It is its only judicial organ, which makes it sovereign in its legal order. She has universal jurisdiction.
It is a permanent body composed of 3 judges elected for 2 years by a double vote of the General Assembly and the Security Council. To be elected, a candidate must obtain an absolute majority in these two bodies. Judges are renewed by thirds, to ensure continuity of jurisprudence.