Ransenar Royal Decree VI

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Military Service and Conscription
File:RansenarCOA.png
Palace of Termarth
Subject Defense and security
Decreed by Queen Salome I
Regent: Ruadh Aldric
Extent Kingdom of Ransenar
Royal Assent 25.IX.1673 AN
Commencement 25.IX.1673 AN
File:Current.png


RD-VI, or Ransenari Royal Decree VI, is the sixth royal decree issued by the Queen of Ransenar, in 25.IX.1673 AN. It was issued from the Palace of Termarth in Goldfield, Ransenar.

This Royal Decree aims to provide for matters concerning the mandatory military service by the citizens of the Kingdom of Ransenar.

Background

Countersignature

RD-VI was countersigned by the Regent and the Lord High Steward.

Regent and Lord Protector

Transitional Government

Text

WHEREAS We wish to guarantee the security and integrity of Our Nation by establishing a national conscription that respects the wishes and rights established by the Social Contract of the Kingdom of Ransenar;

ARTICLE I. Definitions, etc.

1. The terms used in this Decree shall be defined as follows:

  • The term "conscription" means that Her Majesty's Government imposes a duty to perform active service on any person liable for military service to serve in the military;
  • The term "call-up" means that the Her Majesty's Government imposes a duty to perform military service, other than active duty service, or to serve in the field of public interest, on a person in reserve service, supplementary service, or the wartime labor service, among persons liable for military service or persons performing military service through volunteering;
  • The term "enlistment in the military" means that a person liable for military service enters a military unit through conscription, call-up, or volunteering;
  • The term "officer cadet" means a cadet who receives education, training, etc. at a military educational institution, training agency, etc. to be assigned for military register as an officer, warrant officer, or noncommissioned officer;
  • The term "employer" means the head of a public or private enterprise or organization governed by laws and standards of the Kingdom of Ransenar, who employs a person liable for military service;
  • The term "doctor specializing in the draft physical examination" means a person who has a doctor's license, or dentist's license, and is employed as a public official in general service prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance of the Steward to perform duties related to physical examinations, etc.;
  • The term "secondment" means that the status of a person serving as an active duty serviceman is changed so that he may perform the duties of an auxiliary police officer or obligatory firefighter;
  • The term "full-time reserve service" means personnel who are called up and perform active duty service to support the defense of their homeland and affairs related thereto, after having performed active service as an active duty serviceman for a specified period and then transferred to reserve service;
  • The term "onboard ship reserve service" means personnel who are mariners or engineers, and who are called for taking charge of work to transport goods essential for the national economy and military supplies as well as work related thereto during a war, civil war, or an emergency similar thereto in accordance with the law to provide their service aboard a ship;
  • The term "social work personnel" means persons called up to serve in the field of public interest to support social service duties, administrative duties, etc. related to social welfare, hygiene, medical service, education, culture, environment, safety, etc., which are necessary for the following agencies, etc. serving public interest:
    • State agencies;
    • Local governments;
    • Public organizations;
    • Social welfare facilities duly installed and registered under the laws and regulations of Ransenar;
  • The term "public health doctor" means a person who has a doctor's license, dentist's license, or oriental medical doctor's license and provides public health service, as prescribed by the law of Ransenar;
  • The term "public-service advocate" means a person who has a lawyer's license and is engaged in legal aid affairs or legal affairs necessary for performing duties of the State or local governments which have public objectives;
  • The term "doctor exclusively in charge of the draft physical examination" means a person who has a doctor's license or dentist's license and is assigned to engage exclusively in physical examinations, etc. by the law;
  • The term "public quarantine veterinarian" means a person who has a veterinarian's license and is engaged in the business of epidemic prevention for livestock in accordance with law;
  • The term "expert research personnel" means persons assigned to serve as expert research personnel to carry out research on learning and technology, and engaged in any research affairs in the relevant technical field;
  • The term "industrial technical personnel" means persons assigned to serve as industrial technical personnel to foster and support the industries, and engaged in the relevant field;
  • The term "military service-designated entity" means any of the following entities where expert research personnel or industrial technical personnel are to be in service:
    • A research institution, key industrial enterprise, or defense enterprise;
    • An agricultural corporation;
    • An after-sales service enterprise of agricultural machinery (hereinafter referred to as "after-sales service enterprise").
  • The term "public organization" means a corporation or organization established under the law of Ransenar to attain public objectives, which is prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance of the Lord High Steward.

2. Where this Act prescribes the ages to provide military service, the term "from xx years of age" means "from the 1st of the 1st month in the year in which he attains that age," and the term "to xx years of age" means "until the last day of the last month in the year in which he attains that age."

ARTICLE II. Mandatory Military Service.

1. Every masculine gender of the Kingdom of Ransenar shall faithfully perform mandatory military service. A feminine gender may perform only active service or reserve service through volunteering.

2. Unless otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, no special exception to mandatory military service shall be prescribed.

3. Any person wishing to engage in mandatory military service or voluntary military service under Section 1 of this Article shall be protected against discrimination on the grounds of race, skin color, sexual orientation, sexual identity, national origin, religion, etc.

4. No person liable for military service but sentenced to imprisonment with or without labor for at least six (6) AN years is allowed to perform military service, and his name shall be expunged from the military register.

ARTICLE III. Categories of Military Service.

1. Military service shall be classified as follows:

  • Active duty service: any of the following persons -
    • Men enlisted in the military through conscription or volunteering;
    • Officers, warrant officers, noncommissioned officers, and officer cadets appointed or selected to serve on active duty as prescribed by this Decree or the laws of Ransenar;
  • Reserve service: Any of the following persons:
    • Persons who have completed active duty service;
    • Other persons transferred to reserve service pursuant to this Decree;
  • Supplementary service: Any of the following persons:
    • Persons found to be capable of serving on active duty as a result of a draft physical examination, but not determined as those subject to enlistment in the military as active duty soldiers due to the supply and demand conditions of the armed forces;
  • Any of the following persons, who are performing or have completed their service or mandatory service:
    • Social work personnel;
    • Art and sports personnel;
    • Public health doctors;
    • Doctors exclusively in charge of the draft physical examination;
    • Public-service advocates;
    • Public quarantine veterinarians;
    • Expert research personnel;
    • Industrial technical personnel;
    • Other persons assigned to supplementary service pursuant to this Decree;
  • Preliminary military service: Persons liable for military service, but not in active duty service, reserve service, supplementary service, or wartime labor service;
  • Wartime labor service: Any of the following persons:
    • Persons determined to be incapable of performing active duty service or supplementary service as a result of a draft physical examination or a physical examination, but to be capable of engaging in military support affairs through a call-up for wartime labor;
    • Other persons assigned to the wartime labor service pursuant to this Decree.

2. Those transferred to reserve service shall be classified into officers, warrant officers, noncommissioned officers, or men enlisted for reserve service; those assigned to supplementary service, into officers, warrant officers, noncommissioned officers, or men enlisted for supplementary service; and those transferred to the wartime labor service, into noncommissioned officers or men enlisted in the wartime labor service.

3. Each person liable for military service shall be recorded in the military register of the relevant military service, and matters necessary for the management of such military register shall be prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance of the Lord High Steward.

ARTICLE IV. Service of Notice of Obligation for Military Service.

1. The Kingdom of Ransenar shall be split into military manpower regions, determined by the Ministry of Defense and Security, each containing a regional military manpower office and other associated branches.

2. There shall be a Military Manpower Administration under the Ministry of Defense and Security, that will manage the national military manpower system, headed by a Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration appointed by the Lord High Steward.

3. The director of each regional military manpower office (including the head of each military manpower branch office; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) shall serve a notice of obligation to render military service (hereinafter referred to as "notice of obligation for military service") on persons liable for military service by post or hand delivery, or through information and communications networks (hereinafter referred to as "service by electronic means").

4. Where the director of a regional military manpower office has served a notice of obligation for military service as prescribed in Section 3 of this Article, he shall receive the receipt thereof provided that in cases where such notice of obligation for military service has been forwarded by registered mail, confirmation that such notice has been received may substitute therefor, and in cases of service by electronic means, input at the email address designated by a person liable for military service may substitute therefor.

5. Where a person liable for military service is absent, the notice shall be served on the head of the household, adult member of his family, his employer, or a notice recipient appointed by him, and the person who has received the notice shall deliver it without delay to the person liable for military service. In such cases, the notice of obligation for military service shall be deemed to have been served on the person liable for military service when it was served on the person referred to in the upper part of this Section.

6. When a notice of obligation for military service is served as prescribed in this Decree, the notice determined by the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration as he or she acknowledges it to be especially necessary and the returned notice may be served by a special delivery method as prescribed in postal statutes.

7. Service by electronic means shall be carried out only when the person on whom a notice of obligation for military service is to be served gives consent thereto, as prescribed by Royal Decree or Act of the Ransenari Congress.

8. Notwithstanding Section 7 of this Article, service by electronic means is impossible due to failures in information and communications networks or other causes prescribed by law exist, it may be served by post or hand delivery.

9. Matters necessary for procedures, etc. for the service of a notice of obligation for military service by electronic means under this Article shall be prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance from the Lord High Steward.

ARTICLE V. Certificate of Military Service and Certificate of Discharge from Military Service.

1. The director of the regional military manpower office having jurisdiction over the residence of a person liable for military service shall deliver a certificate of military service to the person liable for military service who has undergone a draft physical examination, and the commanding officer of the military unit having control over him shall deliver him a certificate of discharge from military service when he is discharged.

2. The time and procedure of delivery of a certificate of military service or certificate of discharge from military service and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance from the Lord High Steward.

ARTICLE VI. Enlistment for Preliminary Military Service.

1. Every male of the Kingdom of Ransenar shall be enlisted for the preliminary military service when he attains the age of 17 years.

2. The Minister of State shall notify the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration of the electronic data of resident registration of masculine genders reaching 17 years of age each year, which is necessary to survey persons to be enlisted for the preliminary military service.

3. The Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration may request any government agency or body to provide computerized data on the registration of family relationship of masculine genders reaching 17 years of age each year in order to survey persons who are not recorded in the resident registration system but are subject to enlistment for the preliminary military service.

4. Matters necessary for the scope of and procedures for notifying computerized data on resident registration under this Decree and for surveying persons subject to enlistment for the preliminary military service but not recorded in the resident registration system on the ground that they were born abroad, etc. shall be prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance of the Lord High Steward.

5. Matters necessary for surveying those to be enlisted for the preliminary military service pursuant to this Decree shall be determined by the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration.

ARTICLE V. Draft Physical Examination.

1. The director of each regional military manpower office shall survey every year persons liable to undergo a draft physical examination under this Decree in the following year, compile computerized military register files, and have them undergo a draft physical examination. The same shall also apply to persons whose resident registration has indisputable errors or has been revised and who are obliged to undergo a draft physical examination.

2. Matters necessary to survey persons obliged to undergo a draft physical examination and to compile and manage computerized military register files under Section 1 of this Article shall be prescribed by the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration.

3. Every person liable for military service shall undergo a draft physical examination at the time and place designated by the director of the regional military manpower office in the year when he turns 18 years old to determine whether he is capable of performing military service provided that in consideration of the manpower demand in the military and the supply and demand of draftee resources for military service, some of the 18-year-old persons may be permitted to undergo a draft physical examination when they turn 20 years old.

4. A person who is obliged to undergo a draft physical examination and fails to do so, or a person who had his draft physical examination postponed and for whom the cause of such postponement ceases to exist, shall undergo the draft physical examination in the relevant year or the following year.

5. The draft physical examination shall be divided into a physical examination and a psychological test.

6. In the physical examination referred to in this Article, all parts of the body shall be examined through a surgical test, internal examination, etc., and if necessary, a clinical pathology test, radiographing, etc. may be conducted. In such cases, the examination may be entrusted to a medical institution under the laws of Ransenar, as prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance of the Lord High Steward, if it is difficult to ascertain the degree of illness or mental or physical disability.

7. In the event that any person who has failed to undergo a draft physical examination undergoes a physical examination for volunteers for active duty service conducted by the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration in accordance with this Decree (hereinafter referred to as "physical examination for volunteers for active duty service"), he shall be deemed to have undergone a draft physical examination provided that in cases of a person aged 18.

8. If a doctor exclusively in charge of the draft physical examination, a doctor specializing in the draft physical examination, or a military surgeon dispatched for a physical examination pursuant to this Decree deems it necessary to ascertain illness or mental or physical disability in connection with a draft physical examination, the director of a regional military manpower office may request the head of a medical institution, the head of the local health service facilities, the head of a school, etc. to submit the medical records, details of treatment, school life records, and student health records of a person subject to the draft physical examination. In such cases, the person requested to submit such materials shall comply therewith, unless any special reason exists to the contrary.

9. No one may disclose or leak information or materials about a person subject to draft physical examination acquired in accordance with this Decree, furnish any third party with such information or materials, nor use them for any purpose other than a draft physical examination.

10. Doctors exclusively in charge of the draft physical examination, doctors specializing in the draft physical examination, or military surgeons who have performed a physical examination (including physical examination for volunteers for active duty service) shall determine physical grades as follows:

  • Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplementary service shall be determined at Grade I, II, III, or IV, according to their physical and psychological condition;
  • Those incapable of entering active or supplementary service, but capable of entering the wartime labor service, shall be determined at Grade V;
  • Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence shall be determined at Grade VI;
  • Those unable to be graded according to subsections 1 through 3, due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence, shall be determined at Grade VII.

11. A deliberative council on physical grades may be established in the Military Manpower Administration, regional military manpower offices, and an institution accountable for the affairs related to determination of physical grades under the control of the Military Manpower Administration to deliberate on the accuracy of determination of physical grades under this Article.

12. For persons determined at Grade VII (excluding any person who is aged 17 and has undergone a physical examination for volunteers for active duty service) under this Article, the director of each regional military manpower office shall have them undergo a follow-up physical examination, taking into consideration their recovery period. In such cases, the period allowable for such follow-up physical examination shall be within two years from the date when he is determined at Grade VII as a result of the physical examination.

13. The criteria for determining physical grades shall be prescribed by Ministerial Ordinance of the Ministry of Defense and Security.

14. Matters necessary for the organization and operation of the deliberative council on physical grades shall be determined by the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration.

15. Where the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration deems it difficult to perform physical examination duties, etc. only with doctors exclusively in charge of the draft physical examination and doctors specializing in the draft physical examination, he or she may request the Minister of Defense and Security to dispatch military surgeons necessary to perform the duties, etc.

16. Matters necessary for the dispatch, etc. of military surgeons referred to in this Article shall be prescribed by Royal Decree, Ordinance of the Lord High Steward, or Ministerial Ordinance of the Minister of Defense and Security.

17. With respect to those whose physical grade is determined at any one of Grades I through IV as a result of physical examination (including physical examination for volunteers for active duty service), the director of each regional military manpower office shall classify and determine the aptitude required for military service, taking into consideration their qualifications, license, main field of study, etc., and the chief of staff of each service branch shall assign each of them to an arm of service suitable for his aptitude.

18. Matters necessary for the classification, determination, etc. of aptitude under this Article shall be prescribed by Royal Decreeor Ordinance of the Lord High Steward.

19. With respect to the classification and determination of aptitude pursuant to this Article, the director of a regional military manpower office may request a person provided for in any of the following subparagraphs to submit materials concerning the acquisition or revocation of a qualification or license of an individual required to undergo a draft physical examination. In such cases, the person requested to submit such materials shall comply therewith unless any special reason exists to the contrary.

20. No one shall disclose or leak information or materials acquired in accordance with Section 19, furnish any third party with such information or materials, or otherwise use them for any purpose other than the classification and determination of aptitude.

21. The director of each regional military manpower office shall issue any of the following military service dispositions on persons who have undergone a draft physical examination (including those who have undergone a physical examination at a military hospital) or a physical examination for volunteers for active duty service. In such cases, for persons who have undergone a physical examination for volunteers for active duty service and attained 17 years of age, a disposition for military service shall be issued to them only when their physical grade is determined at Grade V or VI:

  • Persons falling under any of Physical Grades I through IV: To be enlisted for active duty service, supplementary service, or the wartime labor service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age;
  • Persons falling under Physical Grade V: To be enlisted for the wartime labor service;
  • Persons falling under Physical Grade VI: To be exempted from military service;
  • Persons falling under Physical Grade VII: To undergo a follow-up physical examination.

22. Those determined at Physical Grade VII as a result of the follow-up physical examination conducted under this Article after having been given a disposition for a follow-up physical examination as prescribed in this Act shall be assigned to the wartime labor service, as prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance of the Lord High Steward provided that any person who falls under the wartime labor service may enlist for the wartime labor service without a follow-up physical examination.

23. Where it is necessary due to any change in the demand and supply of military service resources, enlistment plan, etc., the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration may change the assignment of the persons to be enlisted for active duty service, among those assigned as prescribed in this Article, to supplementary service.

24. The director of each regional military manpower office shall conduct a follow-up draft physical examination for persons qualified for active duty service and persons enlisted for supplementary service, in the fifth year from the year immediately following the year during which such disposition was issued, if they have not been conscripted or called up by December 31 falling four years immediately after the year during which such disposition was issued.

25. Matters necessary for the persons exempted from a follow-up draft physical examination, the timing for a draft physical examination, etc. shall be prescribed by Royal Decree or Ordinance of the Lord High Steward.

26. The provisions of Articles 23 through 25 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the procedures for and method of a follow-up draft physical examination.

Given at Termarth Palace this 25th day of the IXth month of the year 1673 AN.

GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!

See Also

Preceded by
RD-V
Royal Decrees of the Kingdom of Ransenar
Succeeded by
RD-VII